Da angiogénese à terapêutica oncológica antiangiogénica

Autores

  • M. Jorge Freitas Almeida Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto, Porto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31877/on.2013.23.01

Resumo

Os avanços ocorridos na área da biologia molecular possibilitam uma melhor compreensão dos mecanismos de carcinogénese. Nestes, destaca-se a angiogénese como o processo através do qual as células tumorais estimulam a formação dos novos vasos sanguíneos necessários para o fornecimento dos nutrientes essenciais para seu crescimento acelerado. A angiogénese tumoral é regulada pela produção de estimuladores da angiogénese, incluindo membros da família dos factores de crescimento do endotélio vascular (VEGF) e dos factores de crescimento dos fibroblastos (FGF).

Os tumores podem activar inibidores angiogénicos como a angiostatina e a endostatina, que podem modular a angiogénese, tanto no local do tumor como em locais metastáticos. O uso de inibidores angiogénicos como drogas antineoplásicas está actualmente sob intensa investigação. Tais agentes podem ter uma toxicidade reduzida e serem menos susceptíveis de gerar resistência do que as drogas citotóxicas convencionais. Os ensaios clínicos estão em andamento para desenvolver estratégias de tratamento ideal com os agentes antiangiogénicos.

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Publicado

25-03-2013

Como Citar

1.
Freitas Almeida MJ. Da angiogénese à terapêutica oncológica antiangiogénica. journal [Internet]. 25 de Março de 2013 [citado 28 de Maio de 2024];(23):9-16. Disponível em: https://onco.news/index.php/journal/article/view/159

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